New World Civilizations

Investigating the structure of the human past millennium, Toynbee civilizations discovered five live: 1) western society, united Western Christianity, 2) Christian-Orthodox, or Byzantine, society, Located in South-Eastern Europe and Russia, and 3) Islamic society – from North Africa and the Middle East to the Great Wall of China, and 4) the Hindu society in the tropical subcontinent of India, 5) Far Eastern society subtropical and temperate areas of South-East Asia. Research the background of these companies led Toynbee concluded that this civilization of the third generation: each of them preceded the civilization of the second and first generation. There were marked on the cultural map of the Old World and New World Civilizations 37, 21 of which were carefully studied and described for six thousand years of human history. Unlike his predecessors – primitive societies, who had a relatively short life, geographically limited and few in number, – the life of civilizations "is long over, they occupy a vast territory, and the number of people covered by the civilizations, as a rule, large. They tend to spread through the subjugation and assimilation of other societies.

" Constantly evolving civilization, have a life cycle, "they are not static formations, and the dynamic Education evolutionary type. " Each of them is in its development phase – of (genesis), growth, fracture and collapse. The reasons for the genesis of civilization lies not in racial feelings or the environment, and answering a call, in response to the crisis, which is society. The consequence of territorial expansion is the militarization of public life, militarism, which "is for four or five thousand the most common and widespread cause of fracture of civilizations.

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